Iran National Museum bridges to past envents

Image301282Ahmad‭ ‬Sebt‭ ‬Hosseini–

Historical museums are bridges to past events‭, ‬linking our time to the previous centuries and creating an environment of learning‭.‬

Many people point to the establishment of the Louvre after French revolution in as the first museum in the world‭. ‬But concept of‭ ‬public historical museums actually began in Iran‭. ‬After Nader Shah’s conquest of India‭, ‬he returned with precious gems and objects like the Kooh-e-Noor‭ (‬the mountain of light‭), ‬Darya-e-Noor‭ (‬the sea of light‭), ‬and Takht-e-Tavous‭ (‬the throne of peacock‭), ‬and wanted to display them for the kingdom to admire‭.‬

The archeological excavations of the 19th and 20th centuries drove the construction of the first Iranian museum‭. ‬It was designed‭ ‬by French architect And
re Godar‭, ‬a researcher in the‭ “‬Dar-ol-fonoon‭” ‬school in the 1930‭’‬s‭. ‬The main façade of his design is an‭ ‬interpretation of the Sasanian and Ashkanian era‭ ( ‬220‭ ‬BC_620‭ ‬AD‭), ‬constructed like the high porch of the Kasra in Tisfoon‭, ‬Iran‭ ‬or Hotra palace in Iraq‭, ‬calling to mind the life of‭  ‬the nomadic peoples of the Iranian plateau‭.‬

Iran Bastan Museum

Other Sasanian era architectural masterpieces‭, ‬like the palace in Firouzabad and palace of Bahrame Goor in Sarvestan inspired other portions of the museum‭, ‬like the verandah and main entrance‭, ‬which is designed to jut out beyond the structure‭, ‬blending the‭ ‬internal and external spaces‭. ‬This fusion of architecture and environment makes a statement about the fusion of man and his beliefs about the sky‭, ‬nature‭, ‬and God‭.‬

Tarry ceramics from 2nd millennium BC Azerbaijan and glazed ceramics from the Acadian era used for burial purposes are foremost‭ ‬among the exquisite art facts on display in the museum‭. ‬A statue of a cow‭, ‬a symbol of birth and life‭, ‬came from a temple in Choghazanbil during the Elamite era‭. ‬The famous epic of Gilgamesh‭, ‬symbolizing the struggle between man and nature and the triumph‭ ‬of human knowledge is the image of man’s struggles in today’s world‭.‬

While exploring the historical eras within the Iran Bastan museum‭, ‬some objects stand out‭, ‬like the tops of the pillars of Persepolis‭, ‬the great stone cutting of Achaemenids era‭, ‬and works relating to the Hellenic‭, ‬Greek‭, ‬and Ashkanian‭ (‬Partian‭) ‬cultures‭. ‬These include the precious stones‭, ‬and exquisite art of the Sasanian era‭, ‬as displayed in ceramic‭, ‬glass‭, ‬coin‭, ‬and in arabesque‭ ‬stucco and tile‭.‬

This museum’s collections are treasures of humanity and represent the foundation and growth of civilization as uncovered through‭ ‬scientific archeological excavations‭. ‬Every item has been carefully researched‭, ‬identified‭, ‬cataloged‭, ‬and authenticated‭. ‬

Collect and combine archaeological history museum objects‭, ‬usually are possible by several ways‭:‬

1‭. ‬Through direct drilling by a group of archaeological from sites and the percentage of the number of objects belonging to the‭ ‬group over the discovery that closed before or after our drilling between the Government parties‭.‬

2‭. ‬Purchase from who has collections‭. ‬

3‭. ‬Purchase via auctions‭, ‬particularly Paris and London‭.‬

4‭. ‬Get the museum objects through illegal smuggling from the country to other country‭.‬

5‭. ‬Carriage of objects without informing in writing and performing the act of heist‭.‬

View of the Museum and also in comparison with the world’s most important archaeological museums such as the British Museum‭, ‬the‭ ‬Louvre Museum‭, ‬Armitage‭.‬

The Iran Bastan‭ (‬Iran National Museum‭) ‬is one of the rarest of the Museums that its objects achieved by scientific ways with historical profile‭, ‬place of discover‭, ‬skillful and profession group and with awareness to the layers of history that have identity‭ ‬and each rated exploration certificate‭.‬


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